Did OPT policy changes help steer and retain foreign talent into stem? / Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (San Diego State University and IZA), Delia Furtado (University of Connecticut and IZA), Huanan Xu (Indiana University South Bend) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserAmuedo Dorantes, Catalina ; Furtado, Delia ; Xu, Huanan
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2018
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (38 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11548
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Did OPT policy changes help steer and retain foreign talent into stem? [0.48 mb]
Verfügbarkeit In meiner Bibliothek

Academia and the public media have emphasized the link between STEM majors and innovation, as well as the need for STEM graduates in the U.S. economy. Given the proclivity of international students to hold STEM degrees, immigration policy may be used to attract and retain high-skilled STEM workers in the United States. We examine if a 2008 policy extending the Optional Practical Training (OPT) period for STEM graduates affected international students propensities to major in a STEM field. Using data from the National Survey of College Graduates, we find that, relative to foreign-born U.S. college graduates who arrived on other visas allowing them to work, foreign-born students who first came to the United States on student visas became 18 percent more likely to major in STEM following the OPT policy change. We also find that the OPT policy change increased the likelihood of adding a STEM major among students who had listed a non-STEM major as their first major, as well as the propensity to pursue a masters degree in a STEM field among students whose bachelors degree was in a non-STEM field.