Titelaufnahme

Titel
Maternal stress during pregnancy and early childhood development / Mathias Berthelon (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez), Diana Kruger (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez and IZA), Rafael Sanchez (Universidad Adolfo IbañezA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBerthelon, Matias ; Kruger, Diana ; Sánchez, Rafael
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (40 Seiten) : Diagramme, Karten
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11452
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-155442 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
Maternal stress during pregnancy and early childhood development [1.34 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

There is a consensus in the literature on the relevance of the first 1,000 days since conception in the development of a childs cognitive and non-cognitive skills. However, little is known of the determinants of these skills at that age, as previous literature has focused on the effect of in utero and early childhood shocks on outcomes at birth or at age 7 and beyond. In this paper, we analyze the impact of prenatal stress on cognitive and noncognitive development of the child by age 2. By exploiting a longitudinal dataset of children and their parents, we find that children who were exposed in-utero to maternal stress do not have different birth-weight relative to those who were not exposed, yet by age 2, exposed children had a lower level of development, cognition skills, and more attention problems relative to children not exposed to in utero stress. We also find that the negative impacts are observed if in-utero stress occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy. The negative impact on cognitive skills and development is concentrated on lower-income children and attention problems occur among high-income children, and boys suffer lower development and worse attention problems, while girls cognition is negatively affected by in-utero stress.