Titelaufnahme

Titel
The effects of day care on health during childhood : evidence by age / Gerard J. van den Berg, University of Bristol, IFAU Uppsala, IZA, ZEW and CEPR, Bettina M. Siflinger, Tilburg University ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBerg, Gerard J. van den ; Siflinger, Bettina M.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (52 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11447
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-153939 
Zugriffsbeschränkung
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Volltexte
The effects of day care on health during childhood [0.56 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

This paper studies the effects of day care exposure on behavioral disorders and mental and physical health at various ages during childhood. We draw on a unique set of merged population register data from Sweden over the period 1999-2008. This includes merged information at the individual level from the inpatient and outpatient registers, the population register and the income tax register. The outpatient register contains all ambulatory care contacts including all contacts with physicians and therapists. Visits are recorded by day, and comprehensive diagnoses are recorded for each visit. By exploiting variation in day care exposure by age generated by a major day care policy reform, we estimate cumulative and instantaneous effects on child health at different ages. We find a positive cumulative impact on behavior at primary school ages, in particular for children from low socio-economic status households, and substitution of infections from primary school ages to low ages. All this affects health care utilization and leads to a moderate reduction in health care costs. Results are confirmed by analyses based on a sibling design and on regional and household-specific components of day care fees.