Titelaufnahme

Titel
Explaining the gender test score gap in mathematics : the role of gender inequality / Z. Eylem Gevrek (Católica Porto Business School), Christian Neumeier (University of Konstanz), Deniz Gevrek (Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserGevrek, Z. Eylem In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Neumeier, Christian In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Gevrek, Deniz In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, January 2018
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (38 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11260
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-147209 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Volltexte
Explaining the gender test score gap in mathematics [0.65 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Using data from the 2012 PISA across 56 countries, this study examines the link between societal gender inequalities and the gender test score gap in mathematics. We employ a novel two-stage empirical strategy in which the first stage involves decomposing the gender mathematics gap into a part that is explained by gender differences in observable characteristics and a part that remains unexplained. We use a semiparametric Oaxaca- Blinder (OB) decomposition to analyze the gap in each country individually. In the second stage, we investigate whether the decomposition components of the gap are systematically related to country-level gender inequality measures. The results indicate that the gap is not statistically significantly associated with the indicators of gender inequality, but the unexplained part of the gap is. In more gender-equal countries, the unexplained part of the gap favoring boys appears smaller. Moreover, we find that the relationship between the unexplained part of the gap and the societal gender inequality varies within the test score distribution, and tends to become less pronounced at the upper end of the distribution.