Deterring emigration with foreign aid : an overview of evidence from low-income countries / Michael A. Clemens (Center for Global Development and IZA), Hannah M. Postel (Princeton University) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserClemens, Michael A. ; Postel, Hannah M.
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn : Institute of labor economics, December 2017
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (27 Seiten) : Diagramme
SeriePolicy paper ; no. 136
 Das Dokument ist öffentlich zugänglich im Rahmen des deutschen Urheberrechts.
Deterring emigration with foreign aid [0.74 mb]
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In response to the recent migrant and refugee crisis, rich countries have redoubled policy efforts to deter future immigration from poor countries by addressing the "root causes" of migration. We review existing evidence on the effectiveness of such efforts. First, aid disbursements do not generally follow "root causes" rhetoric. The sectoral distribution of aid to migrant-origin countries does not significantly differ from its distribution in other countries. Second, the evidence suggests that aids capacity to deter migration is small at best. Aid can only encourage economic growth, employment, and security to a limited degree. Beyond this, successful development in almost all formerly-poor countries has produced an increase in emigration. Third, this evidence implies that donors could achieve greater impact by leveraging foreign aid not to deter migration but to shape it for mutual benefit.