Titelaufnahme

Titel
Micro-foundations of fragility : concepts, measurement and application / Ghassan Baliki (Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, and ISDC), Tilman Brück (ISDC, Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, and IZA), Neil T.N. Ferguson (ISDC - International Security and Development Center), Sindu W. Kebede (Humboldt University Berlin and ISDC) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserBaliki, Ghassan In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Brück, Tilman In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Ferguson, Neil T. N. In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Kebede, Sindu Workneh In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, November 2017
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (28 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 11188
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-144138 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Micro-foundations of fragility [1.34 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

We explore the micro-foundations of fragility by discussing how to measure the exposure to fragility at the individual level. We focus on two notions that are not covered by existing aggregate, state-centric indicators of fragility. First, different individuals may experience fragility very differently. Second, even though a country as a whole may not be "fragile", individuals may be exposed to fragility. This differentiation suggests that the experience of fragility varies not just at national levels but also between districts and between individuals. To test this idea, we propose a "Fragility Exposure Index", which accounts for human security, economic inclusion and social cohesion at the micro-level. We then derive a series of metrics that can be collected in typical household surveys. We test the performance of the Fragility Exposure Index by including a "Fragility Exposure Module" in a household survey in Kenya. Analysis of this data shows that individuals living in rural areas, as well as young and single individuals, exhibit greater exposure to fragility. These findings demonstrate the importance of understanding fragility at the individual level, particularly as it provides the basis to understanding which who would benefit most from pro-stability interventions and to how these interventions perform.