Titelaufnahme

Titel
The timing of puberty and gender differences in educational achievement / Kristian Koerselman (FIER and School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä), Tuomas Pekkarinen (VATT Institute for Economic Research, Aalto University School of Business, and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserKoerselman, Kristian In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Pekkarinen, Tuomas In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2017
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10889
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-136238 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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The timing of puberty and gender differences in educational achievement [0.5 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

In this paper, we study the effect of the timing of puberty on educational achievement and examine to what extent the gender differences in the timing of puberty can explain gender differences in achievement. We use British cohort data that combine information on pubertal development with test scores, behavioral outcomes as well as final educational attainment and earnings. Controlling for age 7 cognitive skills and family background, we show that late pubertal development is associated with a slower rate of cognitive skill growth during adolescence. This disadvantage in cognitive development is also reflected in lower levels of educational attainment and earnings for late developed individuals. The number of late developing boys is however too small to explain more than a fraction of the gender gap in educational outcomes. Furthermore, we find no effects on self-discipline or other behavioral outcomes in adolescence, suggesting a mechanism wholly separate from other causes of the gender gap.