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Titel
Social insurance reform and labor market outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from Ethiopia / Admasu Shiferaw (The College of William and Mary), Arjun S. Bedi (Erasmus University Rotterdam and IZA), Måns Söderbom (University of Gothenburg), Getnet Alemu Zewdu (Addis Ababa University) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserShiferaw, Admasu In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Bedi, Arjun Singh In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Söderbom, Måns In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Alemu, Getnet In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July 2017
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Umfang1 Online-Ressource (42 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10903
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-136097 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Social insurance reform and labor market outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa [1.28 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

This paper examines the labor market implications of a mandatory social insurance scheme introduced in Ethiopia in 2011 for private sector employees in the formal sector. We use firm-level panel data and exploit differences in pre-reform pension plans across firms to identify the effects of the reform. We find no evidence of employers fully shifting the cost of pension benefits to workers in the form of lower wages. In fact the reform seems to be associated with an increase in real wage rates particularly among large firms. Firm-level employment declined after the reform with a greater contraction among firms without pre-reform provident funds and firms that were initially small. The composition of the workforce also shifted in favor of skilled workers although this effect may not be attributed entirely to the pension reform. We also find an increase in firm-level investment, capital per worker, and labor productivity.