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Effect of political decentralization and female leadership on institutional births and child mortality in rural Bihar, India / Santosh Kumar (Sam Houston State University), Nishith Prakash (University of Connecticut and IZA) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserKumar, Santosh ; Prakash, Nishith
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, May 2017
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1 Online-Ressource (29 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10780
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-125860 
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dp10780.pdf [0.48 mb]Effect of political decentralization and female leadership on institutional births and child mortality in rural Bihar, India
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In this paper, we investigate the impacts of political decentralization and women reservation in local governance on institutional births and child mortality in the state of Bihar, India. Using the difference-in-differences methodology, we find a significant positive association between political decentralization and institutional births. We also find that the increased participation of women at local governance led to an increased survival rate of children belonging to richer households. We argue that our results are consistent with female leaders having policy preference for women and child well-being.