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Titel
Self-employment differentials among foreign-born STEM and non-STEM workers / Zhengyu Cai (Southwestern University of Finance and Economics), John V. Winters (Oklahoma State University and IZA) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserCai, Zhengyu In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Winters, John V. In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, April 2017
Ausgabe
Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (39 Seiten)
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10688
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-121394 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Self-employment differentials among foreign-born STEM and non-STEM workers [0.66 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

This paper uses the American Community Survey to examine the previously overlooked fact that foreign STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) graduates have much lower self-employment rates than their non-STEM counterparts, with an unconditional difference of 3.3 percentage points. We find empirical support for differing earnings opportunities as a partial explanation for this self-employment gap. High wages in STEM paid-employment combined with reduced earnings in self-employment make selfemployment less desirable for STEM graduates. High self-employment rates among other foreign-born workers partially reflect weak paid-employment opportunities. Public policy should encourage efficient use of worker skills rather than low-value business venture creation.