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Titel
Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: nonparametric evidence from four countries / Kamila Cygan-Rehm (Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg), Daniel Kuehnle (Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg and IZA), Michael Oberfichtner (Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg and IAB) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserCygan-Rehm, Kamila In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Kamila Cygan-Rehm ; Kühnle, Daniel In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Daniel Kühnle ; Oberfichtner, Michael In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Michael Oberfichtner
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, March 2017
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Umfang1 Online-Ressource (51 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10652
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-120842 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: nonparametric evidence from four countries [0.35 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

An important, yet unsettled, question in public health policy is the extent to which unemployment causally impacts mental health. The recent literature yields varying findings, which are likely due to differences in data, methods, samples, and institutional settings. Taking a more general approach, we provide comparable evidence for four countries with different institutional settings - Australia, Germany, the UK, and the US - using a nonparametric bounds analysis. Relying on fairly weak and partially testable assumptions, our paper shows that unemployment has a significant negative effect on mental health in all countries. Our results rule out effects larger than a quarter of a standard deviation for Germany and half a standard deviation for the Anglo-Saxon countries. The effect is significant for both men and women and materialises already for short periods of unemployment. Public policy should hence focus on early prevention of mental health problems among the unemployed.