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Titel
Historical roots of political extremism : the effects of Nazi occupation of Italy / Nicola Fontana (London School of Economics), Tommaso Nannicini (IGIER, Bocconi University, CEPR and IZA), Guido Tabellini (IGIER, Bocconi University, CIFAR, CEPR, and CESIfo) ; IZA, Institute of Labor Economics
VerfasserFontana, Nicolà In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Nicolà Fontana ; Nannicini, Tommaso In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Tommaso Nannicini ; Tabellini, Guido Enrico In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Guido Enrico Tabellini
KörperschaftForschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen In Wikipedia suchen nach Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit
ErschienenBonn, Germany : IZA Institute of Labor Economics, February 2017
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Elektronische Ressource
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (74 Seiten) : Diagramme
SerieDiscussion paper ; no. 10551
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:5:2-112932 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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 Das Dokument ist frei verfügbar.
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Historical roots of political extremism [1.11 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

The Italian civil war and the Nazi occupation of Italy occurred at a critical juncture, just before the birth of a new democracy and when, for the first time in a generation, Italians were choosing political affiliations and forming political identities. In this paper we study how these traumatic events shaped the new political system. We exploit geographic heterogeneity in the intensity and duration of the civil war, and the persistence of the battlefront along the “Gothic line” cutting through Northern-Central Italy. We find that the Communist Party gained votes in the post-war elections where the Nazi occupation and the civil war lasted longer, mainly at the expense of the centrist and catholic parties. This effect persists until the early 1990s. Evidence also suggests that this is due to an effect on political attitudes. Thus, the foreign occupation and the civil war left a lasting legacy of political extremism and polarization on the newborn Italian democracy.